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Exploring the use of blockchain technology in the renewable energy sector and its potential to create a decentralized energy market

Blockchain Technology and its Impact on the Renewable Energy Sector

The renewable energy sector has been growing at a rapid pace, with a growing demand for clean and sustainable energy sources. However, the conventional energy market is centralized and controlled by a few large corporations, leading to a lack of transparency. Blockchain technology has the potential to transform the energy sector by creating a decentralized market, where consumers can generate, share, and trade energy directly with one another.

What is Blockchain Technology?

Blockchain is a decentralized, digital ledger that records transactions across a network of computers. It is the technology behind the popular cryptocurrency, Bitcoin, but its potential uses go far beyond just financial transactions. One of its key features is the ability to enable peer-to-peer transactions without the need for a central authority, making it a valuable tool for creating a decentralized energy market.

Decentralized Energy Market

A decentralized energy market would increase competition in the energy sector, as more players would be able to participate in the market. This would lead to a more efficient market, with lower costs for consumers. Additionally, a decentralized energy market would better integrate renewable energy sources as the distributed nature of renewable energy generation would align with a decentralized market. One of the key benefits is that it would allow for greater participation by individuals and communities in the energy sector, empowering communities to generate their own energy and sell the excess back to the grid. This would also increase energy security, as communities would not be dependent on a central authority for their energy needs.

Peer-to-Peer Energy Trading

One of the most significant potential uses of blockchain technology in the renewable energy sector is peer-to-peer energy trading. This would allow individuals and communities to trade energy directly with one another without the need for a central intermediary, increasing competition in the energy market and lowering costs for consumers. It would also allow for greater flexibility in the energy market, as energy could be traded in real-time, meeting the changing needs of the market. Blockchain technology would increase transparency in the energy market, as all transactions would be recorded on the blockchain, creating an auditable and immutable record, preventing fraud and increasing trust among market participants.

PowerLedger: A Decentralized Energy Trading Platform

PowerLedger is a blockchain platform that provides a solution for a decentralized energy market. It enables consumers to trade renewable energy directly with one another without the need for a central intermediary. The platform uses smart contracts to facilitate transactions and provides a transparent and secure record of all energy transactions. PowerLedger has already been implemented in a number of successful pilot projects and has been recognized for its potential to disrupt the traditional energy market.


The potential benefits of blockchain technology in the renewable energy sector are numerous. A decentralized energy market would increase competition, lower costs for consumers, and allow for greater participation by individuals and communities in the energy sector. Peer-to-peer energy trading, enabled by blockchain technology, would increase transparency, trust, and flexibility in the energy market. PowerLedger is a leading project in the decentralized energy market, using blockchain technology to trade excess renewable energy and create a transparent record of all energy trades. In conclusion, blockchain technology has the potential to create a more efficient, sustainable, and transparent energy market for the future.

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Electricity through Bitcoin

On February 2016, MIT Enterprise Forum of Cambridge organized an event about clean energy distribution and how the blockchain can help this so important sector. 
This event was sponsored by the Massachusetts Clean Energy Center, an organization who wants to diffuse clean energy, of course. 
One of the most interesting project was the one presented by Usizo, a crowdfunding company who is trying to improve energy payments between users and schools in the African country. 
During the event Usizo presented its demo that has allowed to turn the light on at the Emaweni Primary School in Soweto.
CEO of the blockchain startup Bankymoon, Lorien Gamaroff, explained how electricity in South Africa works: rather than paying for electricity after it is received, users have to pay for it in advance; and it could be very expensive for those who live in a peripheral area. Also, this system relies on third parties who act between final customers and power companies, so prices get higher.
“A prepaid payment system makes the energy a lot more expensive because those vendors need infrastructure, there’s traveling cost, and it’s also very expensive to make those payments. If you’re in a remote area and your lights go out, there’s no way to make a payment, no easy or electronic way to do it.”
But this situation can be fixed thanks to digital currencies:
“You can now have a smart meter, a bitcoin blockchain-enabled meter, and foreign donors can send money directly to the meter without having to send it to an organization that will take or re-distribute the funds.”

How Usizo works

Usizo works thanks to a smart meter that accept digital currencies and through a crowdfunding platform where people can donate their bitcoin.
Donor can see the electricity needed by a school and can know how much he will contribute based on the BTC he donates.

What’s next?

During a recent interview with Grid Singularity CEO Ewald Hesse, Usizo won’t be only a test. 
According to him, in fact, the startup will partner with some non-governmental organizations to keep the lights on and help the education in Africa. 
Grid Singularity is a startup who use blockchain technology to develop an energy data exchange platform to facilitate energy data analysis, energy trade validation, trade of green certificates, investment decisions and smart grid management.

Open your free digital wallet here to store your cryptocurrencies in a safe place.

Amelia Tomasicchio