Category Archive: bitcoin satoshi nakamoto

Patoshi Bitcoin Mining

What Early Mining Patterns Tell Us About The Motives Of Bitcoin’s Inventor

Patoshi Bitcoin Mining

The debate about Bitcoin’s inventor, known as Satoshi Nakamoto but otherwise shrouded in mystery, has raged for years. As Bitcoin continues to rise in value, this unknown inventor is presumed to have become a very rich individual indeed. When Satoshi invented Bitcoin, was he driven to profit, mining and hoarding early Bitcoin aiming to accumulate great wealth?

In 2013 first Sergio Demian Lerner presented his research on the early mining patterns Satoshi is presumed to have taken, it revealed around 1 million BTC (now worth around $10bn) hoarded by the creator. For many who see Bitcoin as an anti-establishment currency with an equalizing power, to attribute such vast wealth to Bitcoin’s creator is anathema, undermining the main narrative around Bitcoin and Nakamoto’s original motives. If Nakamoto is as driven by capitalist economics as the nearest banker, is Bitcoin fundamentally different from traditional currencies after all?

Nakamoto’s defenders argued that these 1 million missing Bitcoin were simply forgotten by early miners, and the inventor himself had no such hoard. Indeed, even researching these Bitcoin was taboo. Yet Lerner was unsatisfied with this answer. That’s why he has spent the last seven years unravelling the mining techniques used to unearth these early Bitcoin. What these techniques reveal is that Satoshi (if that is who mined them, Lerner refers to this individual as “Patoshi” to emphasize that we can’t truly know) seems to have been protecting the security of the network rather than pursuing profit after all. The reputation of Bitcoin, and its mysterious inventor, remains intact.

Early Mining Techniques

In order to learn more about the missing Bitcoin – and the individual who mined them – Lerner decided to remine the first 18,000 Bitcoin blocks to see what it revealed. He assumed that these blocks would have been mined with software that was similar, if not identical, to that which came with the first Bitcoin release. This public code was how early miners set about Bitcoins first blocks. The “Patoshi” pattern of how these Bitcoin were mined could ultimately reveal something about the motives of Bitcoin’s inventor, assuming Nakamoto and Patoshi are one and the same.

Through remining these early blocks, Lerner came to a startling discovery. Patoshi’s software was in fact nothing like the software being used by other early Bitcoin miners. Was this Nakamoto giving himself a leg up in the early gold rush of Bitcoin mining? The difference in the mining patterns of the public software and Patoshi’s processes became the keystone of Lerner’s research. Two theories stood out. Firstly, that Patoshi was using an early version of today’s pooled mining processes by combining multiple CPUs. The second theory – seemingly borne out in Lerner’s research – is that Patoshi was multi-threading.

Patoshi’s Multi-Threading

Multi-threading is a hashing technique using intensive computer processing to sweep for multiple nonces (the cryptographic element that Bitcoin miners are searching for) at once, rather than on an individual basis. By rescanning the early blocks, Lerner was able to assess which nonces Patoshi discovered, thus revealing the patterns by which Bitcoin’s inventor was mining blocks. Ultimately, Lerner has demonstrated that Patoshi/Nakamoto was generally finding higher-value nonces thanks to the multi-threading technique, and not because they had superior processing power, but because they had a better process for using their CPU.

Ideology Before Profit

Lerner’s meticulous analysis of the early mining patterns attributed to Bitcoin’s founder reveal that each time Patoshi mined a new block, his miner was turned off for a short interval. If Nakamoto was driven by profit, this is contradictory behaviour as it gives the rest of the community an opportunity to unearth new blocks. Lerner posits that Nakamoto wanted to see fair competition amongst early miners, and distribute Bitcoin equally at the start of the network.

At the same time, Patoshi’s multi-threading would have allowed them to uncover new blocks when they were not being mined by other early users, thus enabling the network to continue ticking over. These patterns have led Lerner to argue forcefully that the security of the network – and not profit – was Nakamoto’s motivation for their early mining patterns.

Still Unknown

It remains an assumption that Patoshi and Nakamoto are one and the same, and the identity of this individual is still unknown. But Lerner’s research strongly indicates that profit was not an early motivator of the Patoshi pattern.


Kristin Herman is a tech enthusiast and a project manager at
Essayroo.com and Boomessays.com online writing services. When she takes a break from the screen she likes to curl up with a good book, albeit one about cryptotrends and digital landscapes!

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Satoshi

Ten Years Of The World With Bitcoin Living in a crazy-crazy crypto world.

Bitcoin rose from unknown to mainstream recognition largely thanks the incredulous surge in value it saw in 2017. But then the price went down, sparking yet another heated discussion about the volatile unpredictability of the bitcoin.

Nowadays, discussions are all at their all time hype, but worth just as long as the participants know what they are talking about; and the audience has at least some grasp of the matter. But it rarely happens, as the vast majority of experts are as clueless about the intricacies of the crypto markets as is the general audience.

The infographic below, provided by our friends at BitcoinPlay, will not make us all marketing gurus but will give you a much better understanding about the driving forces behind the world’s first cryptocurrency, how it came to be, who embraced it first and how countries are handling it.
Here’s a selection of our favourite ones:

  • On May 22 2010 two Pizzas cost 10k bitcoins.
  • In 2013 FBI made $48 million by selling on auction one seized 144,000 Bitcoins.
  • 100$ invested in July 2010 is now 18.8 million.
  • Since april 2017 Bitcoin is legal payment method in Japan.
  • Blockchain ledger technology when used by top10 investment bank could save $8-$12 billions.
  • Chinese Mining Pool control approximately 81% of the Bitcoin network’s collective hashrate.
  • Overstock, Dell, Expedia, Dish and Microsoft accept Bitcoin payments.
  • University of Nicosia, Cyprus was the first University to accept tuition to be paid in Bitcoin.
  • Bitcoin is vat free in Switzerland.

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Jack

Craig Wright Announcement affected the Bitcoin price

craig_wright_satoshi_nakamoto
During this last week, Bitcoin had a low trading volume and its price dropped when the Australian entrepreneur Craig Wright said to be Satoshi Nakamoto, the creator of Bitcoin. 
So, according to Coindesk, Craig Wright’s announcement affected the Bitcoin price.
Traders moved only 7.7m BTC during this week, according to Bitcoinity, much less than usual.
Bitcoin started the week at a price of $449.86 on 29th April. This price reached $456.84 that same day. 

Craig Wright announcement

The currency price was between $450 and $445 on May 2nd, or the day of Wright’s announcement. 
Both Gavin Andresen and Jon Matonis, two of the most popular people in the Bitcoin market, wrote a blog post supporting Wright, but this announcement generated skepticism, and the proof Wright provided to support his identity didn’t convince anyone. 
To prove the Bitcoin paternity, Wright tried to show the private keys he used for the the first blocks mined back in 2009. But it was a false and later Wright deleted those announcements, explaining: 

“I believed that I could do this. I believed that I could put the years of anonymity and hiding behind me. But, as the events of this week unfolded and I prepared to publish the proof of access to the earliest keys, I broke. I do not have the courage. I cannot.”


Bitcoin Price results

Wright’s announcement has had a great impact, as bitcoin price arrived to value an amount of $439.89 on May 2nd. 
After that, Bitcoin price rised again to $445 and $450 on the same day.
So, even if the greatest part of bitcoin and crypto lovers commented that Satoshi Nakamoto anonymity is not a problem and they don’t care about who he is, the Craig Wright’s revelation quickly moved the Bitcoin price thus creating high volatility. 

News to reduce Bitcoin volatility

While Craig Wright drew the attention, there were two other news that could reduce the bitcoin price volatility, explained Chris Burniske to CoinDesk.
The first one was related to Amazon Web Services (AWS) that announced its partnership with the Digital Currency Group (DCG). 
And this is a huge validation for Bitcoin. Read more here. 
The second important news of the week according to Burniske is related to the CME Group Inc:
“CME Group Inc’s public intent to publish pricing data is a significant step towards more bitcoin derivatives, and follows upon NYSE’s Index, which is owned by Intercontinental Exchange Inc, another derivative exchange heavyweight”.

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Amelia Tomasicchio